Arshile Gorky Catalogue Raisonné
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Catalogue Entry

Photo: Peter Schälchli
[Drawing, Agony]
c. 1946–47
Graphite pencil and crayon on paper
22 1/2 x 28 1/2 in. (57.2 x 72.4 cm)
Recto not inscribed
Verso not seen
Private collection
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, Drawings for Principal Paintings by Gorky, September 26–October 22, 1955, no. 30, as "Agony," dated 1946.
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, Late Drawings by Gorky, September 28–October 24, 1959. (Exhibition catalogue: Sidney Janis Gallery 1959), no. 30, ill. in b/w, as "Study for Agony I," dated 1946.
University Gallery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Gorky Drawings, October 27–December 2, 1960, as "Study for Agony I".
Museum of Modern Art, New York, Arshile Gorky, 1904–1948, December 19, 1962–February 12, 1963. (Exhibition catalogue: Seitz 1962), no. 96, ill. in b/w, p. 40, as "Study for Agony"; p. 55, as "Study I (Agony)". Traveled to: Washington Gallery of Modern Art, D.C., March 12–April 14, 1963.
Arts Council of Great Britain, London (organizer), Arshile Gorky, Paintings and Drawings / Arshile Gorky: Schilderijen en Tekeningen, 1965, no. 119, as "Voorstudie I (Doodsangst) / Study I (Agony)," dated 1946–1947. Traveled to: Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, May 22–June 27, 1965; Museum Boymans van Beuningen, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, July 24–September 5, 1965 (Museum Boymans van Beuingen 1965).
Arts Council of Great Britain, London (organizer), Tate Gallery, Arshile Gorky: Paintings and Drawings, April 2–May 2, 1965, no. 79, as "Study I (Agony)," dated 1946–47.
M. Knoedler & Co. Inc, New York, Gorky: Drawings, November 25–December 27, 1969. (Exhibition catalogue: Jordan 1969), no. 145a, p. 62, as "Study for Agony," dated 1946–47.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Arshile Gorky 1904–1948: A Retrospective, April 24–July 19, 1981, no. 219c, as "Study for Agony," dated 1946–47, [not in catalogue]. Traveled to: Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, September 12–November 6, 1981; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, December 3, 1981–February 28, 1982.
Musée cantonal des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne, Switzerland, Arshile Gorky: Œuvres sur Papier, 1929–1947; Arbeiten auf Papier, 1929–1947, September 21–November 11, 1990, no. 84, ill. in color, p. 154; p. 200, as "Etude pour Agony / Studie zu Agony". Traveled to: Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna, January 16–February 27, 1991; Musée Cantini, Marseille, France, March 15–May 30, 1991; Musée d'art Moderne de Saint Étienne, France, June 20–September 2, 1991; Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt, September 25–November 10, 1991; Kunsthalle Bremen, Germany, November 19, 1991–January 26, 1992.
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy, Arshile Gorky: Works on Paper / Opere su Carta, April–June 28, 1992, no. 42, ill. in color, p. 121, as "Study for "Agony" / Studio per "Agonia,"" dated 1946. Traveled to: Palazzo delle Esponsizioni, Rome, October 14–November 30, 1992; Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon, July 21–August 27, 1993.
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective of Drawings, November 20, 2003–February 15, 2004, no. 119, ill. in color, p. 203; p. 245, as "Agony". Traveled to: Menil Collection, Houston, March 5–May 9, 2004.
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective, October 15, 2009–January 10, 2010. (Exhibition catalogue: Taylor 2009a), pl. 162, ill. in color, p. 324; p. 392, as "Study for Agony". Traveled to: Tate Modern, London, February 10–May 3, 2010 (Gale 2010); Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, June 6–September 20, 2010 (Gale 2010).
Gagosian Gallery, New York, Arshile Gorky: 1947, May 6–July 1, 2011, as "Study for Agony".
Hauser & Wirth, New York, Ardent Nature: Arshile Gorky Landscapes, 1943–47, November 2–December 23, 2017. (Exhibition catalogue: Spender and Devaney 2017), ill. in color, p. 130; p. 139, as "Study for Agony".
Ca'Pesaro International Gallery of Modern Art, Venice, Italy, Arshile Gorky: 1904–1948, May 8–September 22, 2019, ill. in color, p. 197, as "Study for Agony".
Reiff, Robert F. "A Stylistic Analysis of Arshile Gorky's Art from 1943–1948." Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, New York, 1961, fig. 93, ill. in b/w, p. 371, as "Study for Agony".
Paintings by Arshile Gorky from 1929 to 1948. New York: Sidney Janis Gallery, 1962. Exhibition catalogue (1962b New York), no. 29, ill. in b/w (in situ), as "View, Gorky Exhibition of Drawings, October 1955"; no. 30, ill. in b/w (in situ), as "View, Gorky Exhibition of Dra.
Levy, Julien. Arshile Gorky. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1966. Monograph, pl. 175, ill. in b/w, p. 199, as "Study for Agony I," dated 1946.
Spender, Matthew. From a High Place: A Life of Arshile Gorky. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1999, ill. in b/w, p. 316, as "Study for Agony".
Beredjiklian, Alexandre. Arshile Gorky: sept thèmes majeurs. Suresnes, France: Alphamédian & Johanet; Lisbon: Fondation Calouste Gulbenkian, 2007. Monograph, discussed p. 66, as "Agonie".
Fer, Briony. "Doing Things on Paper." In Eva Hesse: Oberlin Drawings: Drawings in the Collection of the Allen Memorial Art Museum Oberlin College. New York: Hauser & Wirth Publishers, 2019. Exhibition catalogue, fig. 2, ill. in color, p. 14, as "Study for Agony".
Watermark / Stamp: Strathmore
Strathmore paper with blindstamp, lower left: STRATHMORE / [thistle] / ARTIST
Recto, in pencil, lower right [by Agnes Gorky Phillips]: A. Gorky


The drawing's overall composition is related to two paintings by Gorky, Agony (see P323) and the posthumously titled Study for Agony (P322), both dated to 1947 by the artist, and from which this title derives (see related work).  

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